Health Articles

Depression

Leah Weisberg

 

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Every one experiences sadness sometimes.

It’s important, however, to differentiate between sadness and a depressive disorder.

Sadness is usually circumstantial and should only be as intense or last as long as is appropriate for the situation.

Hallmark symptoms of a depression includes the above plus;

  • changes in mood including irritability
  • anxiety or hopelessness
  • loss of interest in activities
  • social withdrawal
  • thoughts of suicide
  • thinking or talking more slowly
  • insomnia
  • fatigue
  • increased or decreased appetite
  • physical aches and pain

When someone has a depressive disorder the symptoms:

  • last for at least 2 weeks
  • disrupt one’s work or relationships

Depression can be caused by:

  • relationship issues including marital conflict
  • neurotransmitter imbalance in the brain
  • thyroid issues
  • chronic physical conditions
  • existential issues
  • life transitions
  • grief and loss

Treatments for depressive disorders include pharmacologic or botanical medicine and psychotherapy.

The most evidence based psychotherapy treatments for depression include:

  • Cognitive Behavioural Therapy
  • Behavioural Activation
  • Interpersonal Therapy
  • Psychodynamic Therapy

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