Health Articles


Leah Weisberg


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Every experiences sadness sometimes.

It’s important, however, to differentiate between sadness and a depressive disorder.

Sadness is usually circumstantial and should only be as intense or last as long as is appropriate for the situation.

Hallmark symptoms of an depression includes the above plus;

  • changes in mood including irritability
  • anxiety or hopelessness
  • loss of interest in activities
  • social withdrawal
  • thoughts of suicide
  • thinking or talking more slowly
  • insomnia
  • fatigue
  • increased or decreased appetite
  • physical aches and  pain

When someone has a depressive disorder the symptoms:

  • last for at least 2 weeks
  • disrupt one’s work or relationships

Depression can be caused by:

  • relationship issues including marital conflict
  • neurotransmitter imbalance in the brain
  • thyroid issues
  • chronic physical conditions
  • existential issues
  • life transitions
  • grief and loss

Treatments for depressive disorders include pharmacologic or botanical medicine and psychotherapy.

The most evidence based psychotherapy treatments for depression include:

  • Cognitive Behavioural Therapy
  • Behavioural Activation
  • Interpersonal Therapy
  • Psychodynamic Therapy

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